These are the math standards we are covering.

__CONTENT STANDARDS __

**Represent and solve problems involving multiplication and division. **

**MGSE3.OA.1 **Interpret products of whole numbers, e.g., interpret 5 × 7 as the total number of objects in 5 groups of 7 objects each. *For example, describe a context in which a total number of objects can be expressed as 5 x 7. *

**MGSE3.OA.2 **Interpret whole number quotients of whole numbers, e.g., interpret 56 ÷ 8 as the number of objects in each share when 56 objects are partitioned equally into 8 shares (How many in each group?), or as a number of shares when 56 objects are partitioned into equal shares of 8 objects each (How many groups can you make?). *For example, describe a context in which a number of shares or a number of groups can be expressed as 56 ÷ 8. *

**MGSE3.OA.3 **Use multiplication and division within 100 to solve word problems in situations involving equal groups, arrays, and measurement quantities, e.g., by using drawings and equations with a symbol for the unknown number to represent the problem.^{3 }

**MGSE3.OA.4 **Determine the unknown whole number in a multiplication or division equation relating three whole numbers using the inverse relationship of multiplication and division. For example, determine the unknown number that makes the equation true in each of the *equations, 8 × ? = 48, 5 = ? ÷ 3, 6 × 6 = ?. *

**Understand properties of multiplication and the relationship between multiplication and division. **

**MGSE3.OA.5**. Apply properties of operations as strategies to multiply and divide.4

Examples: If 6 × 4 = 24 is known, then 4 × 6 = 24 is also known. (Commutative property of multiplication.) 3 × 5 × 2 can be found by 3 × 5 = 15, then 15 × 2 = 30, or by 5 × 2 = 10, then 3 × 10 = 30. (Associative property of multiplication.) Knowing that 8 × 5 = 40 and 8 × 2 = 16, one can find 8 × 7 as 8 × (5 + 2) = (8 × 5) + (8 × 2) = 40 + 16 = 56. (Distributive property.)

Use arrays, area models, and manipulatives to develop understanding of properties.

**MGSE3.OA.6**. Understand division as an unknown-factor problem.

For example, find 32 ÷ 8 by finding the number that makes 32 when multiplied by 8.

Conversations should also include connections between division and subtraction.

**MGSE3.OA.7 **Fluently multiply and divide within 100, using strategies such as the relationship between multiplication and division (e.g., knowing that 8 × 5 = 40, one knows 40 ÷ 5 = 8) or

**ALWAYS REVIEW ADDITION, SUBTRACTION and MULTIPLICATION FACTS WITH YOUR CHILD.**

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